Main archaeological sites in Mexico

Main archaeological sites in Mexico

If your trip to Mexico is aimed at discovering the Mayan ruins then here is a list of the main historical archaeological areas in which you can admire the beautiful Mayan temples and take a leap into the past. Most are found in Yucatan but don’t forget Palenque in Chiapas.

Becan – Rovina Maya a Campeche Mexico
6 kilometers north of Xphil are the ruins of Becan. Visitors can walk among 20 Mayan structures spread across over 3 hectares where they can discover pyramids and temples immersed in the jungle. The archaeological site is generally deserted and there are not many people. Becan was the political, economic and religious center of the province known today as Rio Becan. Becan is located approximately 3.5 hours from Tulum.

Bonampak – Mayan Ruins in Chiapas Mexico
This archaeological site is located in the jungle of Chiapas in the province of Usumacinta. Bonompak is particularly famous for murals depicting royal rituals including human sacrifices, costumes, musical instruments and instruments of war. Tours can be organized directly in Palenque hostels.

Calakmul – Mayan Ruins in Campeche Mexico
These Mayan ruins are located in the center of the Mayan region called “Petén” and have received both northern and southern influences. Calakmul with the Mayan sites of El Mirador, Nakbé and Uaxactún, formed the coalition during the Formative period and was constantly in conflict with neighboring countries, especially with Tikal of which it has always been the number 1 enemy.

Chacchoben – Mayan Ruins in Quintana Roo Mexico
These ruins are located about 100 kilometers from Tulum, to visit them you can take a day tour but if you also want to explore the surrounding jungle then it is better to stay here for a few days. The pyramids are huge and are surrounded by trees, palms and bananas. Chaccoben in Mayan means “Place of colored corn”, “Lugar de Maiz Colorado”.

Chicanna – Mayan Ruins in Campeche Mexico
Near Quintana Roo-Campeche, 6 kilometers from the Xphil village and 3 kilometers from the Becan ruins are the ruins of Chicanná. Considering the size and decorations of the buildings, Chicannà is considered the small elite center of nearby Becàn. It takes 3.5 minutes to reach these ruins from Tulum.

Chichen Itza – Mayan Ruins in Yucatan Mexico
The Chichen Itza archaeological site is one of the most visited in the entire Yucatan peninsula. Eighteen structures were renovated. The Kukulcan pyramid is the tallest and from here you can enjoy a spectacular view. In spring and during the equinox (March 21st and September 21st) the sun forms shadows on the steps that look like a snake descending the steps. This is a big event and there could be a lot of people these days.

Coba – Mayan Ruins in Quintana Roo Mexico
the Coba archaeological area is located approximately 42 kilometers from Tulum. With many buildings still covered by the jungle, Coba extends over a large territory and has 5 lakes. The tallest pyramid is that of Nohoch Mul, which is the tallest in the entire Yucatan Peninsula. You can admire 12 stories told on the walls and it has 120 steps. From the summit you can admire an astonishing view of the jungle.

Dzibilchaltun – Mayan ruins in Yucatan Mexico
The Dzibilchaltun archaeological zone is located just 9 miles from the Yucatan capital, Merida. The Dzibilchaltun ruins are ideal for those who want to see significant Mayan ruins and discover Mayan and Spanish manufacturing, including 16th century Spanish weapons, at the Museum.

Ek Balam – Mayan Ruins in Yucatan Mexico
Ek Balam was built in the Classic Maya period, has a central pyramid and two large palaces and numerous temples and palaces. The archaeological zone is not yet completely renovated, like Chichen Itza or Uxmal, Ek Balam can provide visitors with a general idea of ​​the entire historical archaeological process of this civilization.

Palenque – Mayan Ruins in Chiapas Mexico
The archaeological zone of Palenque is located in the south of the state of Chiapas. Palenque is one of the most beautiful Mayan sites in all of Mexico, you can visit palaces, tombs all nestled in the jungle. In the same day you can visit the Agua Azul natural pools and the Misol Ha waterfalls.

Tulum

Tulum – Mayan Ruins in Quintana Roo Mexico
The archaeological zone of Tulum is located 131 kilometers south of Cancun. Overlooking the sea, Tulum impresses. Known as the “city of walls” Tulum was one of the most important cities in the Mayan period. Frescoes are still visible in some structures. There is also access to the beach so don’t forget your swimsuit!

Uxmal – Mayan Ruin in Yucatan Mexico
The Uxmal Mayan ruins are among the best on the peninsula. The name Uxmal means “built 3 times” in relation to the construction of the tallest structure, the Sorcerers’ Pyramid. The Maya used to build temples on some already existing ones, in this case 5 buildings were found. Uxmal was one of the largest and most powerful cities in Yucatan and was home to 25,000 Maya.

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